Tag: musical theory fundamentals

ALL ABOUT MUSIC

Diatonic Scales

Diatonic Scales

A scale is called diatonic scale when it is a mode, or variation, of the major scale. This includes the natural minor scale and all 7 of the diatonic modes (of which the major and minor scales are two). The word “diatonic” is Greek, and it means “across the octave.” The name refers to the …

Minor Pentatonic Modes

A pentatonic scale is a musical scale with five notes per octave, in contrast to the heptatonic scale, which has seven notes per octave (such as the major scale and minor scale). Pentatonic scales were developed independently by many ancient civilizations and are still used in various musical styles to this day, and minor pentatonic …

Building Blocks Of Music

Melody is like harmony in that it describes the relationship between pitches, but it is a horizontal rather than vertical understanding. While still a matter of relative structure, melody is all about the way that notes act in sequence, so that the same 4 notes played in different orders have different melodic values, even if …

Intervals In Music

An intervals in music is a relationship between two notes. It describes the harmonic distance between notes with a unique sound. Each interval has a unique sound and a unique name. The names of the intervals in music comes from their position in diatonic scales. In that sense, intervals can be either: 1. Major 2. …

Musical Notes

Octave Subdivision One octave consists of 6 whole steps, one step consists of 2 half-steps, and one half-step consists of up to 100 cents. What that means is that, for example, D and D# are one half-step apart but between them there are up to 100 cents. Cents in music are typically used to express …